GENERAL APPEARANCE : The Landseer should give the impression of a tall, powerful and well-balanced dog. The legs are comparatively longer than those of the black Newfoundland, especially in males.
Personality: Companion, balanced and calm.
Energy Level : Very Active. This dog is active and energetic, and needs daily exercise.
Good with children: Yes.
Good with other dogs: With supervision.
Life expectancy : 8 -10 years old.
Bark level: Bark when necessary.
During colonial times, large dogs in white and black were brought to England from Newfoundland. Due to their swimming skills, these dogs were often used by fishermen helping them with fishing nets, they were also known for their ability to help people who were drowning.
These dogs were bought and sold by many European fishermen. According to breed scholars, the export of these dogs took place at the end of the 18th century. However, some painting records show that these dogs had existed in England since the beginning of the 18th century.
The origin of the Landseer is deprived of Germany and Switzerland. Countries such as the United States and some in Great Britain consider the Newfoundland and Landseer to be the same breed, while in some European countries, the Landseer is considered a completely different breed from the Newfoundland breed.
Country of Origin: Germany.
HEAD: The skull should be wrinkle free, covered with short, fine hairs. The head should be remarkably shaped, with a noble expression.
Skull: Broad and massive, with a well-developed occipital protuberance.
Stop: Evident, but not as pronounced and steep as the one in São Bernardo.
Muzzle: The length of the muzzle is equal to its depth, measured in front of the stop.
Lips: Dry, black; as close as possible and without a “drooling” aspect, with the upper lip slightly overlapping the lower one.
Jaws and Teeth: Scissor bite.
Cheeks: Moderately developed, tapering gradually towards the muzzle.
Eyes: Medium in size, moderately deep, brown to dark brown in color, light brown being tolerated; of friendly expression, almond-shaped, without showing the third eyelid. Very light eyes (yellowish or grayish yellow) are faults, as are eyes set too close together.
Ears: Of medium size. Reaching the inner corner of the eye when stretched. Triangular in shape, with slightly rounded tips. Set high on the head, but not too far back. Carried close and close to the sides of the head. They are covered with short, fine hairs. Long haired fringes are found only at the back of the base of the ear.
NECK: Muscular and broad, not round, but preferably oval in profile, symmetrically set and obliquely placed on the shoulders. The length of the neck, from the occiput to the withers, is approximately 3/4 to 4/5 of the length from the occiput to the tip of the nose. Pronounced dewlaps are undesirable.
BODY: The measured length from the withers to the root of the tail should be approximately twice the length of the head. Broad and strong from the withers to the croup.
Back: Straight and level.
Croup: Broad, well rounded on the sides and back, with powerful muscles.
Chest: Between well-muscled shoulders, the chest is deep and broad, corresponding to the well sprung ribs.
Belly: Slightly tucked up. Clearly visible a flat depression between belly and loin. Weak or saddled back, weak loins, false ribs that are too short and the belly too retracted, are faults.
TAIL: Strong, reaching at most, slightly below the hocks, well covered with dense, close hair, but without feathers. The tail must be hanging when the dog is in “stay” or at rest, a slight curve at the tip being tolerable. When in motion, it can carry its tail upwards, with only a slight curve at the tip. Tails folded or curled over the back are not the most undesirable.
FOREQUARTERS: The strong muscles running down from the shoulders and surrounding a well-boned humerus are connected in correct angulation with massive bones which, when viewed from the front, are absolutely straight and muscular. Legs slightly feathered to the pasterns.
Elbows: Close to the body to the lowest point of the chest; the distance from the ground to the elbow is quite high; elbows point straight back.
HINDQUARTERS: They are quite strong. The hind legs must move freely; they must have strong bones surrounded by powerful muscles. Moderately fringed hindquarters.
Thighs: Especially wide.
Ergo: They are undesirable. They should be removed as soon as possible, right after birth. Cow hocks or insufficient angulations are faults.
FEET: Large, shaped like cat's feet. Flattened or turned out paws are undesirable. Fingers joined by interdigital membranes, which should be strong, almost reaching the fingertips.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: The movement of the muscular legs should be free, with good reach, covering the ground well.
Coat: The covering coat - with the exception of the head - should be long and as straight and dense as possible, soft to the touch, with good undercoat, which should not be as dense as in black Newfoundland. Slightly wavy hair on the back and hindquarters is not undesirable. When brushed incorrectly, it should naturally return to the correct position.
COLOR: The main color of the coat is white with distinct black spots on the trunk and croup. The collar, chest, belly, legs and tail must be white. Black head with white muzzle and a symmetrical white stripe, neither too narrow nor too wide, which goes from the muzzle, over the head to the white collar, being considered a definite goal in breeding. Small isolated areas of black hair on a white background should not be penalized, but should be eliminated from breeding.
SIZE: Height at the withers: Males: 72 – 80 cm Females: 67 – 72 cm Slight variations above or below will be tolerated.
Any deviation from this standard should be considered a fault and penalized in exact proportion to its severity and its effects on the health and well being of the dog.
• Aggressiveness or excessive shyness.
• Any dog that shows any sign of physical or behavioral anomaly must be disqualified.
• Atypical dogs.