National Deer

  • HISTORICAL SUMMARY  
     

National Deer  It is the Brazilian colonial hunting breed, especially deer, an animal very common in Brazil in the past and now rare in some regions. The breed is native to the Southeast and Center-West, but can also be found in some regions of the Northeast, North and South of Brazil. Its origin probably dates from the arrival of the first Europeans on Brazilian soil in the 16th century.  A strong line about its probable origin believes that, realizing the large number of deer of different species, the European colonizer felt the need to import from Europe Iberian deer dogs that were soon crossed with the dogs already existing here, brought by Portuguese and French pioneers. , who had also mated their animals for the purpose of acclimatization, with primitive dogs, used in hunting by the Tupi and Tapuia Amerindians for millennia. Empirical matings aimed at hunting, for centuries, mixing different canine breeds: greyhounds, podengos, hounds, whites, alans and primitive, indigenous dogs, with predominance in these crosses of greyhounds and podengos, generated a unique and unbeatable dog in deer hunting. , the National Veadeiro. In the 20th century, more pronouncedly after the 80s, its breeding declined and the breed almost disappeared, mainly due to crosses with Fox Hound dogs and the ban on hunting in Brazilian territory. The Nacional is probably the oldest dog breed in Brazil. Today, specimens of this Brazilian breed are being well used in wild boar hunting, with relative success, considering that, for the aforementioned modality, moderate aggressiveness is beneficial and this is not found in the national deer, which in the deer hunt was worth its senses. commonly called by ancient hunters as “smart”, not showing aggression. ​ 
 

Country of Origin: Brazil.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Strong and rustic. Cheerful, vivacious and non-aggressive. It has an excellent sense of smell and above-average venatory capacity. It is very resistant and persistent, it runs for hours on bad terrain and in very hot weather. Docile and loyal. Great hunter.  

BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT:  IT'S  calm and balanced; attached to its owner and reserved with strangers, self-confident, fearless and docile, without being shy or aggressive.

 

HEAD :  
 

  • CRANIAL REGION  
     

skull :  Mesatocephalic, triangular, somewhat elongated.

Stop : Slightly accentuated.

  • FACIAL REGION

 

Snout:  Long, well structured.

Truffle:  Dark, harmonious with the coat, without jaspering, with nose nose slightly turned down.

Jaws and Teeth:  Scissor bite, with complete dentition (42 teeth).

Eyes: Dark, almond-shaped and very alive.


Ears : Long, low set, falling beyond the base of the neck, soft and with rounded tips, the length when pulled without effort should go beyond the center of the muzzle, ideally the ears that reach the side of the nose and undesirable those that go beyond the truffle tip.

Contours: Eye, nose and lip should be dark in color.
 

NECK : Strong and with a slight dewlap.
 

  • TRUNK
     

Top Line: Well defined.

Back: Long, muscular, straight and strong.
 

Withers: High and strong.

Loin: Long and strong.


Chest : Thorax wide and deep to accommodate heart and lungs of good size.

Forechest :  The forechest does not extend far beyond the point of the shoulder. The rear is wide, strong and firm.

TAIL:  Saber-shaped, without deviating to the sides. Brought low when at rest and in flag when alert or in motion.

  • MEMBERS

 

PREVIOUS :   

Shoulders: Extremely strong, parallel-boned shoulders.

 

Paws:  Wide and powerful feet, with resistant and elastic soles, dark or light nails.

Arms: Long.
 

HINDQUARTERS : Muscular and well angulated,

Legs: Well developed.

 

Hocks: Firm, with symmetrical and moderate angulations

 

Paws :  Wide and powerful feet, with resistant and elastic soles, dark or light nails.

  • DRIVE :  should be fluent, with good ground cover, with wide and balanced strides. When trotting, the tail can be raised above the line of the back.
     

  • COAT

Hair : Shallow, layered, short, dense and a little hard to the touch.  

  • COLOR:  Azulino, white background all stained with blue, the fore and hind limbs may be stained with brown (similar to Bluetick and Bleu de Gascogne); white background with large spots of one or two colors, black or brown (similar to American Foxhound and Walkerhound); head, back, loin and tail black, chest, belly and outside of the limbs brown (similar to the Black and Tan Coonhound).
     

SIZE : Males -  Maximum height:  65cm / minimum height: 60cm
            females -  Max height: 63cm / Min height: 56cm
           

  • FAULTS  

Any deviation from the terms of this standard should be considered a fault and penalized in exact proportion to its severity and its effects on the health and well being of the dog.  

• Any disproportionate, exaggerated characteristic that could interfere with physical activity or work ability.

• Short or butterfly-shaped ears

• Curled tail
• Very light bones
• Lack of liveliness
• Pronounced stop
• Prognathism and Enognathism
• Any dog that shows any sign of physical or behavioral anomaly must be disqualified.

  • GRADES

 

• Males must present both testicles, of normal appearance, well let down and accommodated in the scrotum.

• Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with typical breed conformation should be used for breeding.