French bulldog

  • HISTORICAL SUMMARY  

 

It probably arose, like all Great Danes, from the Molossians of Epirus and the Roman Empire, a relative of the Bulldog of Great Britain, the Alans of the Middle Ages, the Great Danes and Great Danes of France, the Bulldog we know is a product of different crosses made. by passionate creators in the popular districts of Paris in the 1880s.

Country of Origin: France

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Small molossoid. Powerful dog for its small build, short, stocky, compact in all its proportions, short-haired, with a flat nose, erect ears and a naturally short tail. Appearance of an active, intelligent, muscular, compact dog  with a solid bone.  

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the body  is slightly higher than the height at the withers. The length of the muzzle is about 1/6 of the total length of the head.

BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT:  Companion dog, sociable, cheerful, playful, active.

 

HEAD: Strong, broad and square, the skin that covers it forms, without excesses, symmetrical folds and wrinkles.

  • CRANIAL REGION  
     

skull :  Wide, almost flat from ear to ear. Prominent brow ridges, separated by a pronounced sagittal groove between the eyes.  

Stop :  Pronounced.

  • FACIAL REGION

 

Snout:  Very short, wide, with concentrically symmetrical folds.

Truffle:  Black, wide, flat, with well-opened and symmetrical nostrils.
 

Jaws and Teeth:  Broad and powerful jaws. The lower jaw (jaw) projects in front of the upper jaw and curves upwards.  The spaces of the incisive arches should not be strictly delimited, the essential condition is that the upper and lower lips close tightly, covering the teeth completely. The lower incisors overlap the upper incisors. Sufficiently developed incisors and canines. Full dentition is desired.

Cheeks:  Well developed.

 

Eyes:  Well visible, low set, well away from the nose and ears, dark in color,  large, rounded and showing no traces of white (sclera) when the animal is looking straight ahead. The edge of the eyelids should be black.


Ears : Medium, wide at the base and rounded at the tip. Set on top of the head, without being too close, carried erect. The skin should be thin and soft to the touch.

NECK :  Short,  arched, without dewlap, it widens towards the shoulder

  • TRUNK
     

Topline: Progressively ascending, but not excessively, from the withers to the level of the loin.

Back:  Long and muscular.

Croup: Sloping.


chest :  Cylindrical and well let down, below the elbows, ribs  arched. Chest  open and wide.

TAIL:  Naturally short, long enough to cover the anus, low set, almost straight, thick at the base and tapering at the tip. Twisted, knotted, broken or relatively long tail, which does not extend beyond the point of the hocks, is permissible.

  • MEMBERS

 

PREVIOUS :  Regular straightening when viewed from the side and from the front.

Scapulae: Very oblique.

 

Arms:  Short, thick, muscular, slightly curved.

 

Shoulders:  Slanted and well placed back, which gives the Boston Terrier an elegant movement.

Elbows:  Right to the body.

Pasterns: Short and oblique.

 

Paws:  Round, compact, small, a little  facing outwards . Short, thick and black nails.

HINDQUARTERS : Strong and muscular, a little longer than the forelegs, thus raising the hindquarters. The heights are straight,

Thighs:  Muscular, firm.

 

Hocks:  Well let down, neither too angled nor straight.

 

Paws :  Round, very compact, turning neither in nor out.

  • DRIVE :  The limbs move parallel to the midplane of the body, both when viewed from the front and in profile. Movements are free, powerful and regular.
     

  • COAT

By :  Short, shiny and soft, with no undercoat.
 

  • COLOR:  Fawn, brindle or not, with or without white spots


coat
  no white spots:  


  1. Brindle: Fawn coat with  dark brindle transverse grooves giving a “tiger” appearance, the heavily brindle coat should not hide the tawny background mask. A black mask must be present. Limited white spots present or not. 

    Fawn: Uniform coat, light fawn to dark fawn, sometimes showing a fading color, with or without a black mask, masked coat being preferred. Limited white spots present or not.

  2. Coat with white spots:   


     Brindle: with moderate to intense amount of white spots

     Fawn: with moderate or intense amount of white spots. 

     For all coats, the nose is black, never brown or blue.  

 

COLORS ALLOWED FOR REGISTRATION BUT NOT ENABLED FOR REPRODUCTION/COMPETITION.

 

Black, Blue (Blue), Chocolate, Lilac and Isabella. 

Sable, Blue sable, Chocolate sable, Lilac sable, Isabella Sable.

Blue Cream, Chocolate Cream, Lilac Cream, Isabella Cream.
Black & Tan, Blue & Tan, Choco & Tan, Lilac & Tan, Isabella & tan.
Cream (Black & Tan) Cream (Blue & Tan), Cream (Chocolate & Tan), Platinum (Cream Lilac & Tan or Cream Isabella & tan)
Brindle - brindles -All colors except cream, fawn, sable andvariations
  in tan
Trindle - alltag
  I'm wearing brindle.
Pied: Pied Blue, Pied Chocolate, Pied Lilac, Pied Isabella, Pied Black & tan, Pied Blue & tan, Pied Chocolate & tan, Pied Lilac & tan,
  pied Isabella & tan.
Pied Sable, Pied Blue Sable, Pied Chocolate Sable,
  Pied Lilac Sable and Pied Isabella Sable.

Pied Blue Cream, Pied Chocolate Cream, Pied Lilac cream, Pied Isabella cream.
 

Merle all colors: black merle, blue merle, chocolate merle, lilac merle, Fawn merle, Cream merle, isabella merle.

 

The colors described above can only be  be released for reproduction with the authorization and monitoring of the creator, by providing  of signed responsibility letter, for release in the ALKC system.

SIZE:
  Males: 27 to 35cm; Females: 24 to 32cm (I accept 1cm more or less)

WEIGHT:  Males: 9 to 14kg; Females: 8 to 13kg (Tolerance of 500g above)

  • FAULTS  

Any deviation from the terms of this standard should be considered a fault and penalized in exact proportion to its severity and its effects on the health and well being of the dog.  

 

• Strongly speckled fawn and white color.

• For the fawn color, very pronounced dorsal stripe that extends on the back.

• “White stocking” on brindle and fawn.

• Clear nails.

SERIOUS FAULTS

 

• Exaggeration of characteristics specific to the breed.

• Muzzle too long or too short.

• Apparent tongue, mouth closed.

• Clear eye.

• Horizontal topline from withers to loin.

• Excessive depigmentation on the lips, nose and eyelid edges that should never be completely depigmented.

• Pincer bite.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

 

• Aggressiveness or excessive shyness.

• Any dog that shows any sign of physical or behavioral anomaly must be disqualified.

• Insufficient breed characteristics that make the dog as a whole not similar enough to its congeners of the same breed.

• Nostrils completely closed.

• Lateral deviation or jaw twist leaving the tongue permanently apparent.

• Dogs with lower incisors articulating behind the upper ones.

• Dogs with canines (tusks) permanently exposed even with their mouths closed.

• Heterochromic eyes.

• Other truffle colors than black.

• Ears not carried erect.

• Anurism and in-grown tail.

• “Ergo” in hindquarters.

• Inverted (“cow”) hock.

• Long, hard or woolly coat.

• Color not as described in the standard, including black, black with fawn markings and all black dilutions, with or without white spotting.

• Size and weight outside accepted limits.

• Breathing difficulty.

• Deafness.

  • GRADES

 

• Males must have both testicles, of normal appearance, well let down and accommodated in the scrotum.

• Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with typical breed conformation should be used for breeding.