Pekingese

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Of a leonine appearance, with an alert and intelligent expression. Small, well balanced, moderately compact with great dignity and nobility. Any signs of difficulty breathing for any reason or inability to move in a healthy way are unacceptable and should be severely penalized. It shouldn't be overly hairy.
 

Personality:  Active, courageous and leonine.
 

Energy Level : Moderately Active.  
 

Good with children:  Yes.

 

Good with other dogs:  With supervision.

 

Grooming:  Weekly.

 

Life Expectancy : 12-15  years old.

Bark level:  Bark when necessary.

  • HISTORICAL SUMMARY 

Pekingese  it's an old one  breed  miniature dog, originally from  China. According to Chinese legend, this little canine is the result of an impossible love between a marmoset and a big LION. With the help of the god Hai Ho, the lion was close to a house and fell in love with a marmoset that was nearby, thus the Pekingese was born, Arrogant and fierce like his father, small, intelligent and sweet like his mother. In fact, it is known that this breed has existed for over 4,000 years, although it became known through the rise of the  Buddhism, when it conquered the status of a sacred animal, under the nickname "Lion of Buddha", and lived isolated in  Prohibited city. However, in 1860, after the looting of the Imperial Palace by British troops, these dogs were taken to the West. Historical records say that only five of these animals survived the massacre promoted by Chinese royalty, who would rather see their animals dead than see them in the hands of foreigners.
 

Country of Origin: China.

BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT:  Courageous, loyal, indifferent without being shy or aggressive.

HEAD:  Fairly wide, proportionately wider than deep.

 

  • CRANIAL REGION

 

Skull: Moderately broad, broad and flat between the ears; without being vaulted; wide between the eyes.

 

Stop: Defined.

 

  • FACIAL REGION: Black pigmentation is essential on the nose, lips and eye contour.

 

Nose: Not so short, wide; nostrils wide and open. A slight wrinkle, preferably broken, may extend from the cheeks to the tip of the nose in an inverted “V” shape. This should never affect or obscure the eyes or nose. Tight nostrils and excessive nose wrinkles are unacceptable and should be severely penalized.

 

Muzzle: Should be conspicuous, but may be relatively short and broad. Firm jaw.

Lips: Flat. They must not show their teeth or tongue; nor obscure a well-defined chin.

 

Eyes: Clean, round, dark and shiny and not too big. Free from obvious eye problems.  

 

Ears: Heart-shaped, set on level with the skull and carried close to the head and should not reach the line below the muzzle. Long and profuse fringes.

 

NECK: Relatively short, thick.

 

  • BODY: Relatively short, with an obvious waist.

 

Top row: level.

 

Chest: Broad and with well sprung ribs suspended between the forequarters.

 

TAIL : Set on high, carried firmly, slightly curved over the back on either side. Long fringes.

 

  • MEMBERS

 

FOREQUARTERS: Relatively short, thick with strong bone. The dog must be well positioned on its paws and not on its pasterns. A healthy appearance is essential.

 

Shoulders: Well slanted back and fitting perfectly to the body.

 

Elbows: Close to the body.

 

Forearms: The bones of the forelimbs can be slightly arched between the pasterns and the elbows to accommodate the ribs.

 

Pastern: Slightly sloping, strong and not too close together. Feet: Large and flat, without being round. They can be turned out slightly. Excessively turned out are severely penalized.

 

HINDQUARTERS: Strong and well muscled, but moderately lighter than forequarters. Excessively narrow hindquarters are severely penalized. Moderate angulation. A healthy appearance is essential.

 

Knees: Well defined.

 

Hocks: Firm and low.  

 

Metatarsals: Strong and parallel when viewed from behind.

 

Feet: Broad and flat, without being round. The hind legs point straight ahead.

 

  • GAIT/MOVEMENT: Typically slow; a wobbling movement of the forelegs is noble. Typical movement should not be confused with a sway caused by weakness of the shoulders or any other indication of illness. Any weakness in the shoulders and elbows, and any indication of unsanitary paws and pasterns will be severely penalized. Movement should not be interfered with by excess body fur.

 

COAT

 

Hair: Moderately long, straight with a long mane, but not extending behind the shoulders, forming a cape around the neck. The top coat is coarse, with a softer undercoat. Fringing on the ears, on the back of the limbs, tail and fingers. The length and volume of the coat should not interfere with the dog's activities or hide the contours of the body. Excessive coat must be severely penalized.

 

COLOR: All colors and brands are permitted and of equal value, except albino or liver. In particolor, the stains should be evenly distributed.

 

SIZE:  Males should look small but should be surprisingly heavy when lifted; Heavy bones and a firm body with a well-built frame are essential to the breed.
 

WEIGHT:  The ideal weight should not exceed: 5 kg for males. 5.4 kg for females.


 

  • FAULTS  

Any deviation from this standard should be considered a fault and penalized in exact proportion to its severity and its effects on the health and well-being of the dog.  

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

 

• Aggressiveness or excessive shyness.

• Any dog that shows any sign of physical or behavioral anomaly must be disqualified.

• Atypical dogs.