GENERAL APPEARANCE : Molossoid dog, medium to large in size, with a straight profile and black mask. Robust and well proportioned.
Personality: Attentive, balanced and obedient.
Energy Level : Very Active.
Good with children: Yes.
Good with other dogs: With supervision.
Life Expectancy : 09-11 years old.
Bark level: Bark when necessary.
Molossoid dog originally from the islands of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, in the Canary archipelago. It emerged as a result of the cross between the “majorero”, a pre-Hispanic sheepdog from the islands, and molossoid dogs that arrived in the archipelago. These crosses gave rise to an ethnic grouping of dogo-type dogs, of medium to large size, brindle or fawn and spotted with white, with a robust morphology, typical of a molosse dog, but with agility and strength, with a good temperament, rustic and active and faithful character. During the 16th and 17th centuries its population increased considerably, there are numerous references in historical texts prior to the conquest and above all to the “Cedularios del Cabildo”, in which the functions they performed are explained, especially as guardians and in the care of cattle herds.
Country of Origin: Spain.
BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT: Calm look, attentive expression. It is especially suitable as a guard dog and traditionally used to tend livestock. His temperament is balanced and very sure of himself. Low and deep bark. Obedient and docile with family members, very devoted to its owner, but can be reserved with strangers. Confident, noble and a little distant attitude. When he is alert, his posture is firm, with an alert attitude.
HEAD: Massive, brachycephalic and compact in appearance, covered with thick skin. Its shape tends to be a slightly elongated cube. Craniofacial lines are parallel or slightly converging.
Skull: Slightly convex in anteroposterior and transverse directions. The frontal bone tends to be flat. Its width is almost identical to its length. The zygomatic arches are pronounced, with the muscles of the cheeks and jaws well developed but not prominent, covered by loose skin. Occipital crest only slightly marked.
Stop : It is defined but not abrupt. The groove between the frontal lobes is well defined and approximately 2/3 the size of the skull.
Nose: Wide and heavily pigmented black. It is placed on the same line as the nasal bridge. Large nostrils to facilitate breathing.
Muzzle: Shorter than the skull, being, in general, approximately 40% of the total length of the head. Its width is 2/3 of the width of the skull. Its base is very wide, tapering slightly to the nose. The nasal bridge is flat and straight, without ridges.
Lips: The upper lips are drooping, albeit without excess. Viewed from the front, the upper and lower lips come together, forming an inverted “V”. Lip edges slightly divergent. The inside of the lips is dark in color.
Jaws and Teeth: Scissor bite or slightly prognathed, with a maximum of 2 mm. A pincer bite is allowed, although not desired due to the tooth wear it causes. The canines have a wide transverse distance. The teeth are wide, with strong bases of implantation. Large molars, small incisors and well-developed canines.
Eyes: Slightly oval, medium to large in size. Set well apart, but never deep or protruding. Eyelids black and close, never drooping. The color varies from dark to medium brown, according to the coat color. They must never be clear.
Ears: Medium in size, well set apart, with short, fine hair. They fall naturally on both sides of the head. If folded, they are in the shape of a rose. Its insertion is slightly above the eye line. Ears set too high or too close together are considered atypical. In countries where amputation is permitted, they must be erect.
NECK: Shorter than the full length of the head. The skin on its underside is loose, forming a slight dewlap. Solid and straight, tending to be cylindrical and muscular.
BODY: Long, broad and deep.
Topline: Straight, without deformations, supported by a well-developed musculature, but not very visible. Slightly ascending from the withers to the croup. The height at the croup is 1 - 2 cm greater than the height at the withers.
Croup: Medium length, wide and rounded. It shouldn't be long because it would limit your movement. In females, it is usually wider.
Chest: Of great amplitude and with well defined pectoral muscles. Viewed both from the front and in profile, it should be well down, at least to the level of the elbows. The thoracic perimeter is normally equal to the height at the withers plus 45% of it. Ribs well sprung.
Underline and belly: Slightly gathered and never descending. The flanks only slightly pronounced.
TAIL: Thick at the base, tapering to the point and not exceeding the hock. Medium insertion. In action it rises, in the form of a saber, but without bending or leaning on its back. At rest it is straight, with a slight curvature at the tip.
Shoulders: With good slope.
Arms: Well angulated, oblique.
Forearms: Well balanced, straight. Strong bones and good musculature.
Elbows: Not too close to the ribs, not too far apart.
Pastern: Very solid and slightly sloping.
Feet: “Cat feet” with rounded toes, not too close together. The pads are very well developed and black. Nails are dark. White nails are not desired, although they may appear depending on the coat color.
HINDQUARTERS: Seen from behind, strong and parallel, without deviations.
Thighs: Long and well muscled.
Knees: The angulation is not very pronounced, but it should not be insufficient.
Metatarsals: Always well let down.
Feet: Slightly longer than the forelegs and with similar characteristics.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: During movement, the Presa Canário is agile and elastic, covering the ground well. long step. The tail is carried low and the head is raised only slightly above the level of the back. When at attention, the tail and head are carried high.
SKIN: Thick and elastic. Looser over and around the neck. When attentive, the skin over the head forms symmetrical folds that mold from the groove between the frontal lobes.
Hair: Short, rough, smooth, without undercoat (may appear over neck and back of thighs; somewhat rough to the touch). Very short and thin in the ears; slightly longer at the withers and back of the thighs.
COLOR: Brindle in all shades from dark brown to light gray or red. All shades from brindle to sand color. White marks are accepted on the chest, at the base of the neck or throat, on the forefeet and toes of the hind feet, but this must be minimal. Mask always black, but not exceeding eye level.
SIZE: Height at the withers: Males: 60 to 66 cm Females: 56 to 62 cm. In cases of very typical specimens, a tolerance of 2 cm above or below the limits will be allowed.
WEIGHT: Males: 50kg Maximum weight: Males: 65kg. Females: 40 kg Females: 55 kg.
Any deviation from this standard should be considered a fault and penalized in exact proportion to its severity and its effects on the health and well-being of the dog.
• Aggressiveness or excessive shyness.
• Any dog that shows any sign of physical or behavioral anomaly must be disqualified.
• Atypical dogs.