pug

GENERAL APPEARANCE : : Decidedly square and robust, he is “multum in parvo” (a very little, that is, a compact and stocky dog), as shown by his compact form, his well-adjusted proportions and his tough musculature, but he should never have paws. short nor be skinny and leggy.
 

Personality:  Kind, companion and happy.
 

Energy Level : Moderately active.  
 

Good with children:  Yes.

 

Good with other dogs:  With supervision.

 

Grooming:  Seasonal.

 

Life Expectancy : 10-12  years old.

Bark level:  Bark when necessary.

  • HISTORICAL SUMMARY 

A certain amount of speculation existed about the origin of this race, which appeared to have come from the East. Its country of origin is listed as China, where snub-nosed (truffle) dogs have always been favored. He found his way to Europe with the traders of the Dutch East India Company and since the 1500s they were already admired in the Low Countries. In fact, the Pug has become the symbol for royal patriots. The Pug arrived in England when William III ascended the throne. Until 1877 the breed was only seen in fawn, but in that year a black pair was introduced from the East.

Country of Origin: China.

BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT:  Of great charm, dignity and intelligence. Balanced, happy and very willing.

HEAD:  Relatively wide and proportionate to the body, round, not apple-shaped.

  • CRANIAL REGION  
     

Skull: No ridges. Forehead wrinkles clearly defined but not exaggerated.

  • FACIAL REGION

 

Nose: Black, with fairly large and well-opened nostrils. Tight nostrils and excessively heavy nose wrinkles are unacceptable and should be severely penalized. Muzzle: Relatively short, truncated, square, not upturned. Eyes or muzzle should never be adversely affected or covered by excessive wrinkles over the nose.

 

Jaws and  Teeth: Slightly undershot. Wide jaw with incisors almost in a straight line. Twisted jaw, teeth or bared tongue are highly undesirable and should be severely penalized.

 

Eyes: Dark, relatively large, round in shape, sweet and affectionate expression, very bright and when the dog is excited, full of fire. Never protruding, exaggerating or showing the whites of the eyes when looking straight ahead. Free from obvious eye problems.

 

Ears: Fine, small, soft as black velvet.

 

There are two types:

 

1. Pink ear: Small, drooping, which folds back and uncovers the external ear;

 

2. Button ear: Dropped forward, the tip close to the skull, in order to cover the ear hole. Preference is given to the latter.

 

NECK: Slightly arched to resemble a crest; strong, thick, long enough to carry the head proudly.

 

  • BODY: Short and compact.

 

Back: Flat topline; neither sealed, nor riveted.

 

Chest: Broad and with good ribs. Ribs well sprung and well turned back.

 

TAIL : Set on high, tightly curled over the hip. Double wrapped is highly desirable.

  • MEMBERS

 

PREVIOUS

 

Shoulders: Well sloping.

 

Forearms: Very strong, straight legs of moderate length, well placed under the body.

 

Feet: Not as long as “hare feet” and not as round as “cat feet”; fingers wide apart; black nails.

HINDQUARTERS

 

General Appearance: Very strong legs, of moderate length, well under the body, straight and parallel when viewed from behind.

 

Knees: Well angulated.

 

Feet: Not as long as “hare feet” and not as round as “cat feet”; fingers wide apart; black nails.

 

GAIT/MOVEMENT: Viewed from the front, the front legs should move well under the shoulders; the paws well directed forward, turning neither in nor out. Viewed from behind, the action must be equally correct. Use the forelegs with great force, placing them as far forward as possible, with the hindquarters moving freely, making good use of the knees. A slight roll of the hindquarters is typical of their movements. Capable of determined and constant movement.

 

COAT

 

Coat: Fine, smooth, soft, short and shiny, neither rough nor woolly.

 

COLOR: Silver, apricot, fawn or black. Each clearly defined to make a complete contrast between the colors, the stroke (a black line that extends from the occiput to the tail) and the mask. Clearly defined brands. The muzzle or mask, ears, marks on the cheeks, thumb or diamond mark on the forehead and the line should be as black as possible.

 

WEIGHT: Ideal weight: 6.3 kg to 8.1 kg. Should be strong and muscular, but substance should not be confused with overweight.
 

  • FAULTS  

Any deviation from this standard should be considered a fault and penalized in exact proportion to its severity and its effects on the health and well being of the dog.  

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

 

• Aggressiveness or excessive shyness.

• Any dog that shows any sign of physical or behavioral anomaly must be disqualified.

• Atypical dogs.