GENERAL APPEARANCE : He is massive, with a powerful body, well muscled and well coordinated in his movements.
Personality: Dignified, cheerful and companion.
Power Level : Active.
Good with children: Yes.
Good with other dogs: With supervision.
Life expectancy : 8-10 years old.
Bark level: Bark when necessary.
The breed originates from Newfoundland Island (Newfoundland), descended from indigenous dogs and the large black bear dog, introduced by the Vikings after the year 1100. With the arrival of European fishermen, a variety of new breeds helped to reform and reinvigorate the breed. , but the essential features remained. When colonization of the Island began in 1610, Terra Nova was already largely in control of its own morphology and natural behavior. These characteristics allowed him to withstand the rigors of extreme weather and the adversities of the sea when pulling heavy loads on land or serving as a water dog and lifeguard.
Country of Origin: Canada.
BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT: The expression of Terra Nova reflects benevolence and softness. Dignified, cheerful and creative, he is known for his true kindness and serenity.
HEAD: massive. The female's head follows the same conformation as the male's, but is less massive.
Skull: Broad, with a slight arch and a strongly developed occiput.
Stop: Clear, but never abrupt.
Nose: Large, well pigmented, well-developed nostrils, black in black and white and black dogs; brown in brown dogs.
Muzzle: Definitely square, deep and moderately short, covered with short, fine, wrinkle-free hair. The corners of the mouth are visible but not overly pronounced.
Bite: Scissors or pincers.
Eyes: Relatively small, moderately deep; they are well separated and do not show the third eyelid, dark brown in black and white and black dogs; a lighter shade is allowed in brown dogs.
Ears: Relatively small, triangular, with rounded tips, set well back, beside the head and close fitting. When the adult dog's ear is placed forward, it reaches the corner of the eye on the same side.
NECK: Strong, muscular, well set on the shoulders, long enough to allow a dignified carriage. The neck should not have excess dewlap.
TRUNK: Massive bone structure. Viewed in profile, it is deep and vigorous.
Topline: Level and firm from the withers to the croup.
Back: Long. Loin: Strong and well muscled.
Croup: Broad, inclined at an angle of approximately 30º.
Chest: Broad, full and deep, with well developed ribs.
Abdomen and Bottom Line: Almost level, never tucked up.
FOREQUARTERS: The forelegs are straight and parallel, also when the dog is walking or trotting lightly.
Shoulders: Very muscular and well angulated.
Elbows: Close to the chest.
Pasterns: Slightly sloping.
Feet: Large and in proportion to the body, well rounded and thick with firm and compact toes. Membrane between the present fingers.
HINDQUARTERS: Due to its propulsion power to pull loads, swim and cover terrain efficiently, the structure of the Terra Nova's hindquarters is of paramount importance. The pelvis should be strong, wide and long.
Thighs: Broad and muscular.
Knees: Well angled, but not crouched.
Legs: Strong and moderately long.
Hocks: Relatively short, well let down and well set apart; parallel to each other; turning neither in nor out.
Feet: Firm and closed. Ergos must be removed.
TAIL: The tail acts as a rudder when the Newfoundland is swimming; therefore it is broad and strong at the root. When the dog is standing, the tail drops, with the possibility of a small curve at the tip; reaching or a little below the hock. When the dog is moving or excited, the tail is carried straight with a slight upward curve, but never curved over the back or between the legs.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: The Newfoundland moves with good reach from the front legs and strong propulsion from the hind legs, giving the impression of effortless power. A slight back swing is natural. As speed increases, the dog tends to single track, with the topline remaining level.
Coat: It has a double coat, water resistant. The covering coat is moderately long and straight without being curly. A slight ripple is allowed. The undercoat is soft and dense, denser in winter than in summer, but always found to some extent on the croup and chest. The fur on the head, muzzle and ears is short and fine. The front and back legs are fringed. The tail is completely covered with long dense hair, but without forming a flag. Trimming is not desired.
COLOR: Black, white and black and brown.
• Black: The traditional color is black. The color should be as uniform as possible, but a slight sunburn is permissible. White patches on the chest, fingers and/or the tip of the tail are permitted.
• White and Black: This variety is of historical importance to the breed. The preferred marking is a black head, preferably with a white stripe running from the muzzle to the skull passing between the eyes, a black saddle with equal markings, and a black croup, as well as black at the beginning of the tail. The rest of the coat is white and may have a minimum of small black spots.
• Brown: The brown color ranges from chocolate to bronze. White patches on chest, fingers and/or tail tip are permitted. Black and white dogs and brown dogs are judged in the same class as black dogs at shows.
SIZE E WEIGHT Average height at the withers: For adult males: 71 cm. For adult females: 66 cm. Average weight is approximately: For adult males: 68 kg. For adult females: 54 kg.
Any deviation from this standard should be considered a fault and penalized in exact proportion to its severity and its effects on the health and well-being of the dog.
• Aggressiveness or excessive shyness.
• Any dog that shows any sign of physical or behavioral anomaly must be disqualified.
• Atypical dogs.